Musculoskeletal injuries encompass various conditions that affect the body’s muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues.
These injuries can result from various factors, including accidents, sports activities, repetitive motions, and everyday activities. Understanding the different types of these disorders is crucial in preventing, diagnosing and treating them effectively.
Common types of musculoskeletal injuries
The most common injuries are sprains. They are common in joints like ankles, wrists, and knees. Strains, on the other hand, affect tendons which connect muscle to bone. Overexertion or improper lifting often leads to strains.
Another musculoskeletal injury category is open fractures, which happen when the bone pierces through the skin.
In cases where the bone breaks but the skin remains intact, the injury is referred to as a closed fracture. Treatment may involve casting, splinting or surgery. There is also tendonitis, the inflammation of a tendon, often due to repetitive motions or overuse. It commonly affects the shoulders, elbows and wrists.
Who do musculoskeletal injuries affect?
Musculoskeletal injuries do not discriminate; they can affect individuals of all ages, backgrounds and occupations. For instance, professional and amateur athletes are susceptible to these injuries due to the physical demands of their respective sports.
Office workers are also susceptible to musculoskeletal injuries due to prolonged hours of sitting, poor ergonomics and repetitive tasks. Not to forget workers in construction, manufacturing and agriculture who are prone to musculoskeletal injuries due to heavy lifting, repetitive movements and exposure to various physical hazards.
Musculoskeletal injuries are a significant concern that can affect anyone. By taking preventive measures and seeking timely medical attention, you can reduce the incidence and severity of these injuries.